Welcome to the first series of Women in the Wikimedia movement. We are here today to talk about women in Wikimedia programs. I would like to share with you some details about our education program. Also who participates in our education programs. We have more women participating, more teacher women and to share with you all our experience. I think that it’s important to share a little bit about our Argentine history related with women in education.
Argentine History With Women In Education
First of all, I will talk about a little bit of that and then I will share some numbers and information about our different education projects in Wikimedia Argentina. Also, something that is really important that it’s how we work with the gender gap that we found not only in Wikipedia but also in our society. Well, historically, there were more women teachers than men and in education field and that difference is maintained to this day. If someone makes a mapping of teaching in Argentina mainly in primary and high schools what they find is a great difference with between male and female teachers. In the late 19th century women could start studying teaching with the creation and expansion of what we call here the Normal School.
Orientation Of High Schools
These schools were an orientation of high schools that allowed women who study there to become a teacher. Teaching in primary schools historically that studying there to become a teacher. But historically this was justified. They became teachers and teach there because they have like a natural maternal attitude of Teacher. That in a way allowed them to be teachers. That was the way that in some historiography. You can read that teachers are allowed to do it because they were women, and they take care of children. Feminist history has worked hard on this point, and different researchers maintain that.
Although their participation as workers was based on the idea that compared maternal attitude with good teaching. This allowed many middle-class women to have access to tertiary studies and to work into the work culture. Before they can study in these normal schools all of them were in the house. In a private space and going these normal schools and trying to work. In being teachers allowed them not only to make something for themselves with others. Also, they have the possibility of associating with other education workers.
In a way, this history in Argentina about woman and the role of woman in education in the 19th century. Explains why even though today we find more women teachers in primary and high schools than men. I want to give this like a little bit of overview about our history and us about woman in education. To understand how many women teachers, we have in the education program in Wikimedia. We have to know a little bit what happens previously in our History the role of woman in education.
Women Rights in Late 19th Century
Here we have some examples of teachers that are really important for us not only because they were teachers, they also were activists for woman rights during the late 19th century and the early 20th century. I have the examples there are a lot of them: Olga Cossettini, Alicia Moreau de Justo, Julieta Lanteri.
These three women studied in these normal schools where the first women are studied and in a way it’s important to make a focus in that in Argentine history the first woman that have some kind of social recognition were the ones that were linked to education activities. And this is really important because is the way that women have to be in this public space. A space that was thought to be for men only.
In the Wikimedia Argentina project, we have different proposals pedagogical proposals for teachers. We generally have main audience in WMAR education programs. Our teachers work with the students but we first work with teachers. We train them and then we help them to work with their subjects something related to Wikimedia projects and specifically we work more with Wikipedia. And we develop different activities for different educative levels. Secondary school, mostly University and non-formal education. Gender gap goes through all our programs, not only education also community support.
Four Editing Clubs Across Argentina
There are projects that we work in virtual courses and also on-site training. Editing Class, we organize with teachers, and with students. We help them to train them to use Wikimedia in their classrooms. Help them to choose which topic they want to edit in Wikimedia and teachers try to work in the classroom with Wikimedia. Also help them with Wikimedia Commons.
We organized four editing clubs all around the country in different provinces. We have more women participating than men. This represents that there are more women in secondary school teacher women. Also, the content that they want to work in Wikimedia always is related to improving information. For example, related to women in local history or movement women’s movement in local history etc. We also have a wiki bridge MOOC that it’s a beautiful course that it’s the only project that we developed that helped us to reach all the country. The 24 provinces that we have in Argentina. As you can see also, we have a lot more women making that virtual course than men. This specifically in this project they ones that participate in activity decide which content they want to work with in Wikimedia.
They decide if they can edit something of their personal life interest or if they want to read Something. Then they are going to use it in the school. So here we have a lot of editions but it depends on the teacher. If they wanted to use it in school or if they use it for themselves.
Wiki Human Rights Project
On the other hand, we have a project that is called wiki Human Rights. That is a project that we have been developing. In this project specifically we have a what we have been working with journalists and researchers. That the ones that coordinated this project are women also and we edit about human rights in Argentina but also in the region. In the case of Argentina, we improve a lot of information related with the last military dictatorship and also a lot of information related to women that were detained and disappeared during the military dictatorship. And the idea is this year work with the region improving information related with human rights in Latin America.
Next we are going to Mexico and we are going to make an edit-a-ton related with these topics. And the last project that we have is Wikipedia in the university. That if we think a little bit the university world in Argentina it’s more equal the woman’s and men giving teaching there, we have an equal.
You have men and also you have women. You don’t see there the difference that you see in a high school. For example, in primary school. But even though they have the same participation we can see that in our education program there were more women that lead these projects organized by them by her by women and less men so that there was only one man that live the project related to university and Wikimedia.